Publications in 2021


Renewal, Revitalization, New Start? The Transatlantic Partnership and the Start of the Biden Administration, Sarah Sporys

The election of Joseph Biden to the American Presidency has been welcomed by most European leaders and his first weeks in office confirmed the hopes that transatlantic relations would normalize under his leadership. Since Biden has taken office, both sides of the Atlantic have confirmed their commitment to each other. Although the normalization and revitalization of the transatlantic partnership seems like a positive goal after four straining years, it does not constitute a return to a successful partnership. This paper posits that the only way to renew transatlantic relations is to change its dynamics and to create a partnership on equal footing. This would allow the two sides of the Atlantic to address pervasive issues and frustrations within the alliance and the many challenges the world is facing.

Sarah Sporys Biden USA Europe FES CIFE Policy Paper Trump Transatlantic


A multidimensional approach to the Karabakh War: internal, external, and energy aspects, Kenan Aslanli

The policy paper suggests a 3-dimensional analytical framework to analyze the Karabakh wars (the 1990s vs. 2020) with different aspects to understand the past, present, and future of the conflict. The internal dimension includes the political, social, and economic situations of Armenia and Azerbaijan. The external dimension covers power struggles among regional and global powers such as Russia, Turkey, Iran, China, the US, and European powers. The energy and transportation dimension contains the geopolitical significance of the region's energy resources and energy transportation routes.

Kenan Aslansli CIFE Karabakh War


Europe’s Digital Decade: Game on, Gabrielle Heyvaert

There is a clear consensus on the fact that Europe is lagging behind the USA and China when it comes to digital strategy. It may lead in the near future to a wide range of strategic weaknesses – overdependency on foreign technologies, risks of interference in domestic political outcomes, unfair competitiveness, and declining influence worldwide. The time for a European response finally seems to have come with the commitment of Commission President Ursula von der Leyen to make Europe "fit for the digital age" during her 2019-2024 term in office. Key elements of the ongoing European digital strategy are outlined in this paper: the EU strategy for data, the Digital Services Act and Digital Markets Act as well as the financial resources deployed to boost EU research in critical technologies.

Gabrielle Heyvaert CIFE Europe Digital Decade Paper


La Turquie en Afrique : une stratégie d'affirmation, Merve Samalp & Nicolas Crocy

A partir des années 1990, la Turquie a intensifié son retour en Afrique en s’appuyant sur l’utilisation d’outils diplomatiques, culturels et de développement. Mais depuis maintenant quelques années, cette stratégie s’est de plus en plus inscrite dans une perspective d’influence et de compétition régionale.

Merve Samalp Nicolas Crocy Afrique Turquie CIFE

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