Research & Publications  >  Policy Papers  >  2021



Nos technologies propres acquises au prix des minerais de sang des pays en développement, Jean-Marie Rousseau

Abstract - in French only:

Au nom de la transition écologique et de la lutte contre le réchauffement climatique, notre société a de plus en plus recours aux technologies dites ‘propres’ et ‘durables’. Mais nos avantages, notre confort et notre bien-être ne sont acquis qu’à l’aune de ressources naturelles extraites dans des conditions totalement inhumaines, tout spécialement au Kivu (R.D. Congo).

Jean Marie Rousseau Minerai Recherche Congo Transition CIFE


Renewal, Revitalization, New Start? The Transatlantic Partnership and the Start of the Biden Administration, Sarah Sporys

The election of Joseph Biden to the American Presidency has been welcomed by most European leaders and his first weeks in office confirmed the hopes that transatlantic relations would normalize under his leadership. Since Biden has taken office, both sides of the Atlantic have confirmed their commitment to each other. Although the normalization and revitalization of the transatlantic partnership seems like a positive goal after four straining years, it does not constitute a return to a successful partnership. This paper posits that the only way to renew transatlantic relations is to change its dynamics and to create a partnership on equal footing. This would allow the two sides of the Atlantic to address pervasive issues and frustrations within the alliance and the many challenges the world is facing.

Sarah Sporys Biden USA Europe FES CIFE Policy Paper Trump Transatlantic


A multidimensional approach to the Karabakh War: internal, external, and energy aspects, Kenan Aslanli

The policy paper suggests a 3-dimensional analytical framework to analyze the Karabakh wars (the 1990s vs. 2020) with different aspects to understand the past, present, and future of the conflict. The internal dimension includes the political, social, and economic situations of Armenia and Azerbaijan. The external dimension covers power struggles among regional and global powers such as Russia, Turkey, Iran, China, the US, and European powers. The energy and transportation dimension contains the geopolitical significance of the region's energy resources and energy transportation routes.

CIFE Alumnus Kenan Aslansli Policy Paper


Europe’s Digital Decade: Game on, Gabrielle Heyvaert

There is a clear consensus on the fact that Europe is lagging behind the USA and China when it comes to digital strategy. It may lead in the near future to a wide range of strategic weaknesses – overdependency on foreign technologies, risks of interference in domestic political outcomes, unfair competitiveness, and declining influence worldwide. The time for a European response finally seems to have come with the commitment of Commission President Ursula von der Leyen to make Europe "fit for the digital age" during her 2019-2024 term in office. Key elements of the ongoing European digital strategy are outlined in this paper: the EU strategy for data, the Digital Services Act and Digital Markets Act as well as the financial resources deployed to boost EU research in critical technologies.

Gabrielle Heyvaert CIFE Europe Digital Decade Paper


La Turquie en Afrique : une stratégie d'affirmation, Merve Samalp and Nicolas Crocy - in French only

From the 1990s onwards, Turkey intensified its return to Africa using diplomatic, cultural and development tools. However, for several years now, this strategy has been increasingly part of a perspective of regional influence and competition.

Merve Samalp Nicolas Crocy Afrique Turquie CIFE


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