Recherche & Publications  >  Notes de recherche  >  2023


Perspectives on the Security of Central Europe One Year After the Beginning of the War,
Ryszard Piasecki - en anglais

The Russian war of aggression against Ukraine can be a chance for the Europeans to build their strategic value for NATO on their home turf. Today, Central Europe is naturally the centre point of Europe’s security. Only armies developed in close cooperation with NATO guarantee security. In the case of Poland, the ongoing senseless conflict with the EU - including Germany - contradicts the Polish raison d’état.  Seen from the perspective of Central Europe, a common European defence and the transatlantic alliance are both necessary for their security.

Piasecki Lodz Poland CIFE War Ukraine


Connecting Europe’s Schools and Pupils: A Flagship Initiative for the European Political Community, Florent Marciacq - en anglais

The invasion of Ukraine by the Russian Federation last year has imposed new geopolitical realities on the European continent. It has shattered illusions that hard security challenges can be offset by soft power and market integration alone, exposed key vulnerabilities in European security, bolstered transatlantic cooperation, hit European economies and reshaped the political geography of EU enlargement. The war has put European nations to a massive test, and it is fair to say that unity has prevailed at the most critical moment. Yet, the war has not extinguished key divergences on strategic issues. These continue to run deep, behind the front of European unity. To make sure that countries in Europe board the same boat in their crossing of geopolitical storms, a European political community (EPC) was established in Prague on 6 October 2022. The 40+ participating states, gathered on this occasion, identified 7 priorities, one of which was… youth cooperation. An ambitious flagship initiative focusing on school connectivity and pupils’ mobility would give the EPC substance, identity and the strategic depth required to address the European challenges that are ready to surge under still waters.

Marciacq CIFE Youth Paris Berlin Vienna Europa


China and the War in Ukraine, George N. Tzogopoulos - en anglais

China’s stance in the Ukraine conflict has generated lively debate. The country stresses its neutrality, but the West doubts its sincere motivations. China does not agree with the policy of sanctions against Russia and looks at the war from the prism of its own interests. In so doing, it strives to achieve a balance between the maintenance of good relations with Russia and the preservation of a degree of cooperation with the USA and the EU.  It is also proposing some solutions to end hostilities which reflect its own strategic thinking. A good understanding of this strategic thinking will perhaps help Western policymakers set realistic goals in what to expect from the Chinese government as long as the war in Ukraine persists.

Tzogopoulos China and the War in Ukraine CIFE 2023 Europe


The Dragon and the Bear Unlimited - Should we worry about the China-Russia Relationship?,
Christian R. Manahl - en anglais

The partnership between the world’s two major authoritarian regimes is reason for serious concern, but it is the consequence, not the cause, of tensions that have been building up for years already. Russia’s full-scale invasion of Ukraine a year ago marks a turning point in international relations, the end of the post-Cold War era and possibly the beginning of a new Cold War between the democratic West and an authoritarian East which is bound in an alliance of convenience. However, Russia’s military setbacks, the invasion’s impact on the global economy, and the risk of a nuclear escalation run counter to China’s interests. Beijing sticks to Moscow out of geopolitical opportunism, but it may use its influence to mitigate the risk of an escalation and perhaps bring an opening for a diplomatic settlement, following Xi Jinping’s trip to Moscow earlier this year. The outcome of this China’s “peace initiative” will depend essentially on Ukraine’s own assessment of its chances for an outright military victory or of the risks of protracted hostilities that would exhaust its resources.

Manahl Christian EUDiplo CIFE 2023 Russia China Europe


The Justice Challenges of the EU Energy Trilemma, Rachel Guyet - en anglais

Energy policies in Europe are embedded in the three dimensions of the so-called energy trilemma, for which the World Energy Council publishes an index every year. The current energy crisis has impacted all three dimensions of the trilemma putting at the core of the European strategies the security of supply, including the accelerated deployment of renewable energies, and the issue of affordability. The paper examines whether the emergency measures taken meet the conditions of just transition put forward in the European Green Deal.

Rachel Guyet Energy Poverty Trilemma CIFE


Le populisme à l'épreuve du pouvoir, Mohamed Kerrou

A l’épreuve du pouvoir, le populisme tunisien incarné par le Président Kais Saied s’est avéré velléitaire et sans consistance au niveau de la gouvernance.
Pour y remédier, il importe d’instaurer un climat de confiance et d’éviter la confrontation avec la Centrale syndicale qui est le pilier de la société civile.


The War in Ukraine and Europe's Choices, George Tzogopoulos - en anglais

The war in Ukraine is challenging the international order. The EU has responded by getting closer to the US within NATO. The allies are attemtping to support Kyiv and stop the advancement of Russian military forces. The EU has provided critical support to the Ukrainian people and has made impressive steps to guarantee its energy security and maintain its resilience. However, perspectives for peace are rather poor. The hard reality is leading the EU to evaluate different scenarios, although it cannot be the protagonist in the conflict. In a changing world, the EU needs to place more emphasis on its strategic autonomy and be more flexible in welcoming Ukraine to its family.

Tzogopoulos Ukraine War Europe CIFE 2023


Les politiques publiques européennes relatives à la perte d'autonomie et à la dépendance,
Jean-Claude Vérez

Le vieillissement démographique est une réalité avec à la clé des personnes agées dépendantes. La prise en charge de la perte d'autonomie peut relever des politiques publiques. Les besoins de financement sont substantiels.

Jean Claude Verez Pauvrete Dependance Autonomie Europe

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